Six Data Collection Techniques

2 min read

When seeking information and insight into markets and customers, finding the right data collection method is integral to your success. A tailored approach to data collection will provide the most valuable material to your company. To help, we’ve assembled the six best methods within this article.


Using a fixed set of questions that are tailored to your personal objectives will provide you with the exact results you need in most cases. It’s worth noting that there are multiple forms of interview: structured, which contain pre-set questions, semi-structured, which use pre-set questions that allow for further, improvised questions, and unstructured, which are purely unrehearsed.

Real-time data can provide far more valuable and relevant information than secondary sources like government records or books. You can find advice and services tailored to your own business online from a specialist data collection company such as Shepper.

Image Credit

Surveys and Questionnaires

Similar to interviews, albeit less personal, surveys allow you to propose questions to many people simultaneously, using sheets, websites and phone calls to gather the data. These allow for a greater amount of data to be collected, but will not provide the nuance of a direct, structured interview.

Image Credit

Document Analysis

This data-collection method takes a slightly different approach, using existing data to find patterns. For example, newspaper analysis finds patterns in how articles discuss certain topics, and speech analysis can reveal persuasive techniques or rhetorical devices. This method helps you to analyse your own data, and compose new and improved content.

Sampling Techniques

Another method with many variations, sampling can take the form of stratified (representative data from similar sources), random or convenience (most accessible sources). Each method had its pros and cons, which you can read more about here

Web Scraping

A smaller but honourable mention, web scraping speaks for itself, with data being extracted from websites through various means, typically automatic.

Sensor Data Collection

This option is constantly evolving, with the rise of AI allowing for data picked up by sensors to be turned into actionable information, allowing businesses to reduce costs and boost efficiency, whilst also enjoying easier maintenance.

You May Also Like

More From Author